As soon as the word “Urbanization” is heard, the name of Kolkata in Rabindranath’s work comes to mind, but the spread of Dhaka-centric background in contemporary Bengali literature is quite noticeable. Let’s analyze the matter a little. Calcutta was the capital of the British controlled territories during the East India Company rule, i.e. during the early British rule. And we know that it is natural for a country to be centered on the capital. As a result of the development of Calcutta urbanization over time, the name Calcutta has gained prominence in Bengali literature in terms of city-based descriptions according to that source.
Although urbanization developed on the banks of the Buriganga in the context of the commercial activities of the merchants, urbanization has gradually spread throughout Dhaka. Later, due to the liberation from British rule and independence of Bangladesh, Dhaka became the capital of Dhaka. Urbanization has developed in Dhaka. Urbanization refers to the overall process of transformation of rural areas into cities. It may be that rural areas are transformed into cities out of necessity or over time. Urbanization does not just happen in rural areas, it also happens in cities, but in cities it is obvious. Therefore, urbanization takes place in both urban and rural areas. The purpose of giving such a detailed description is that in the context of urbanization, various issues are affected and the life of the citizen is greatly affected. Just as every citizen can enjoy the benefits of planned urbanization, unplanned urbanization has to pay the price.
At the same time, there is a lack of adequate supervision by the authorities. Therefore, I can give some ideas regarding the solution of the author’s question. As such, our urbanization system must be well-planned. Important offices of Bangladesh can be set up in departmental cities across the country. Moreover important district towns can also be set up. In this case, the ministries have to have the same plan. One thing to note is that when some ministries are shifted to divisional cities or district towns, the population pressure or bureaucratic dependence on Dhaka will be greatly reduced. While it is a matter of time before implementation, it is important to remember that the results will be far-reaching, long-lasting and well-planned. Mills, factories, industrial factories should be set up outside the city in a planned manner. Therefore, the Dhaka-centric people will spread to different parts of the country. In the context of which traffic congestion or water problems or the standard of living will change significantly. Then maybe the problems caused by unplanned urbanization-transportation fare increase, water problem, traffic congestion problem can be relieved.
Another thing that can be seen is that the sidewalks are occupied by different hawkers resulting in problems for pedestrians. At the same time there is a possibility of various types of accidents. In this case, the city corporation has to pay attention to this issue. Small shops disrupt urbanization projects. The government should be strict about planned urbanization. To take necessary steps to bring back the former youth of Buriganga, every step should be people friendly. At the same time long term plan has to be adopted. Environmental scientists need to take an opinion in this case. However, it must be acknowledged that public awareness is the key to solving the problem of unplanned urbanization. Therefore we need to be self conscious. We need to be motivated to use the water of Buriganga in the global process. Morality must be developed. Because waste is in conflict with morality Family education and religious sentiments are very effective in creating morality and conscience. Therefore, special attention should be paid to this.
When our conscience works, we will never waste water. When water is not wasted then water will be saved substantially. In this way, every citizen will be relieved from the water crisis in terms of saving water through awareness and conscience. The media has to play an active role. Because in the context of media propaganda, any information can be easily disseminated to the public civil society writers-columnists, poets, writers, playwrights and religious personalities should all come forward. The role of the planned urbanization and public awareness of the government the media must save us from the problems caused by unplanned urbanization and give the next generation the gift of a beautiful, well-planned urbanization.
The author of this article is studying at the department of Pharmacy, Mawalana Bhashani Science and Teachnology University