Failure of OIC- Split Muslim Ummah and Urge for New Platform to Protect Muslim’s Interest -Md. Akij Mahmud


In 1967, just seven days into Israel’s unilateral war, the country consolidated its position in Arabia. The effects of the 6-day war are still felt on the geographical borders of present-day Palestine. Israel seized the Sinai Peninsula, the Gaza Strip, the Golan Heights, the West Bank and the whole of Jerusalem in a abrupt war with Egypt, Syria and Jordan. Through this war, the size of occupied Israel was increased tripled in size that was before. After taking full control of Jerusalem, known as a religious pilgrimage site, Israel set fire to the Al-Aqsa Mosque in Jerusalem on August 21, 1969. This incident caused a great commotion in the Muslim world. The Muslim world feels the need for a larger Muslim interest organization for its own security. By following that incident, the OIC or Organization of Islamic Co-operation made its debut on 22-25 September 1969 with the participation of 24 states at a summit held in Rabat, the capital of Morocco.

Since the inception of the OIC, it has been the aspiration of the Muslim world that, at least in all areas of Muslim interest, all member states of the organization should stand in a line and speak together. But the organization has not been able to modernize and balance its power with the Muslim-dominated countries’ own interests, and with the turmoil in Middle Eastern politics. The beginning of this organization was a huge milestone in the world at that time which was established as second largest organization after the United Nations. But the antagonism of Muslim-dominated countries and their principled conflicting positions have not only eroded the leadership of the Muslim world, but also made the OIC an ineffective body.

The current conflict in the Middle East, the Uyghurs, the Rohingya and Kashmir, in all of this case, it is seen the cry of the Muslims community. In the light of the analysis of the overall global situation, it can be said that the most persecuted community in the world is the Muslim community. Today, when the number of Muslims in the world is about 1.8 billion, Muslims have the second largest organization in the world, then why is the Muslim community so persecuted, Downtrodden?

The first answer will come to the intense greed for authority in the political leadership amongst its Muslim countries. And the Western world is pulling Muslim world like a strings considering their own interest. It should be noted that, the OIC, the largest organization in the Muslim world, was feared from the very beginning by the Western community. And because of this, the path to conflict in the Middle East has become smoother. But surprisingly, regional politics is doing more harm than good to the Middle East.

Although the Arab Spring that began in Tunisia in 2011 rose the possibility of a major change in Middle East politics, the seeds of unrest were sown in the Middle East began there. Analyzing geopolitical data in the Middle East is like solving the theory of a complex equation, where which country is actually the enemy of a country, As if to determining  like wielding a sword indiscriminately and defeating the enemy. In the civil war in Syria, where Iran is in a strong position against the United States, Israel and the Saudi bloc, the opposite is true in Libya: Iran has been supporting the rebels and the United States, Israel and Saudi Arabia are in the same alliance.

For Palestine, where Egypt led so many wars with Israel, Egypt is now cooperating with Israel in the blockade of Gaza. It may come as a surprise now that Iran and the United States had agreed to fight the Taliban together in Afghanistan, although Iran has now distanced itself. Turkey’s Erdogan administration has single-handedly sustained an UN-backed government in Libya, but has been opposed by Western and Saudi allies. And it is Turkey that has adopted a pro-Western policy against Syria.

Again, the Muslim world has not been very vocal about the persecution of Uighur Muslims. However, many other Muslim countries, including Iran, Pakistan and Turkey, are developing relations with China, Myanmar’s supporter of the persecution of Uighur Muslims and the Rohingya genocide.

In question of political Islam, Business, secret relation with Israel and India, Soudi-Arabia-led-OIC kept silence about the Kashmir Crisis. Such silence has made the Pakistan furious. They outspokenly criticized Soudi Arabia led OIC. Mahathir Mohamad also criticized the Indian aggression in Kashmir and criticized OIC for its inactive role. Then Mahtir and Pakistan Prime Minister took initiatives to form an alternative platform to the OIC. They met for several times to further the initiatives but for Saudi Arabia’s pressure and oust of Mahathir from power compelled Pakistan step backward and became silent in this regard.

In other words, the greed for power has become entangled with the interests of the Muslim-led countries and they are stuck in a complex equation. When it comes to the position of Muslim-dominated countries in favor of such a large organization as the OIC and the protection of the interests of the larger Muslims, complex political equations  arise between them. The issue of the OIC is whether those in the Muslim world, who are being asked to ensure the protection of their interests through leadership, are incapable of resolving their own problems. Where they have founded organizations like the OIC to protect the interests of Muslims, they are creating antagonism among themselves by creating divisions, killing Muslims by engaging in war, and giving birth to thousands of refugees.

According to a report published in 2018, the number of refugees in the world is 68.5 million. 92 percent of them are Muslims. Although Muslims make up one-fourth of the world’s population, they account for only 7-8 percent of global GDP. Also, most of the population living below the poverty line is from the Muslim world. Resolving these issues is one of the goals of the OIC. The OIC has made little use of its capacity to build world-class education, research, and innovation. The ineffectiveness  of the OIC has been proven by the fact that, the organization has not been able to suppress any war in the interest of Muslims in the Middle East or take any effective action to stop the war. Experts see the OIC’s ineffectiveness as the main problem with the arbitrariness of Muslim powerful countries. And for its own divident benefit of Muslim poweful countries, it is now easier than ever to take any action on Western interests in the Middle East.

However, an OIC initiative a year ago has garnered a lot of praise. In November 2019, in support of the OIC, the Gambia filed a lawsuit against Myanmar in the International Court of Justice alleging genocide against the Rohingya. However, the question remains as to how veritable  the OIC’s decision on the Rohingya issue will be for the Rohingya or whether it will be an effective step for Bangladesh in resolving the refugee problem.

Recently, the issue of Israel-Palestine issue came to the fore again. Supporting the just struggle of the Palestinian people, realizing their rights and helping to protect the land, providing security for Muslim holy sites, are two of the seven goals of the OIC. But we have recently seen both of the goals reiterated by Israel become infected. But what we haven’t seen in the last 50 years is the efforts of all Muslim countries to achieve those goals under the auspices of the OIC.

World politics goes through evolution. The math of global politics has become more complex around the world, and the equations have become harder to match. If the OIC fails to protect the interests of Muslims, the accusation could be leveled against the veteran and the larger UN, with religion implicit. In the same way that the OIC can be asked about the Rohingya crisis as a citizen of a Muslim country, the same question can be asked of SAARC, ASEAN and the United Nations as a man. The new polarization in world politics is that,  the powers are supporting one country only on the basis of alliance, and pushing a country on the bloody field of war, which  is hurting its interests .

The structure of neo-colonialism is such that, the rule is fueled by this proverb ‘Be either an ally or an enemy’, which is the essence of Western politics. Global leaders do not want to see in the new rise of group or organized global power. That is why we see the UN only in the Aura of the essence of peace; in fact the UN has created a new stage for the aggression of the world powers.

The Middle East is a place of attraction for the world’s superpowers, with an unbridled desire for mineral resources. Another reason is to gain internal political advantage by controlling and monitoring religious place in the Middle East. By dreaming of controlling regional politics, the West is trapping the entire Middle East in the politics of their self-interest. In this way, only a country under the control of the West in the Middle East can emerge as a powerful country in the Middle East. The West’s ‘divide and rule’ is appropriate in the Middle East. And this division in the Middle East is also artificial. And the division between the countries of the Middle East means the division among the Muslim Ummah. The effectiveness of an organization like the OIC, which is based on a religious structure in tune with this divide, cannot be optimistic at all.

MD. Akij Mahmud is showing his excellence in national, international & regional issues.