The history of this country is quite complex. The country has been in turmoil for a long time. Aung San Suu Kyi’s father, General Aung San, was killed just nine months before the end of British colonial rule. This sectarian conflict persisted in Myanmar even before & after the British occupation. In various parts of the vast territory of Myanmar, various kings were engaged in disputes among themselves even before the British occupation. Fifty different communities are located in this territory of which 12 to 15 are main. They engaged in ethnic conflicts even after the British left, like a king-to-king war.
Burma became independent in 1947 when the British left. However, the overall control of the country was in the hands of the military. Then, in 1972, the first coup was organized under the leadership of the then Army Chief General Ne Win. He came to power by overthrowing the AFPFL government. Myanmar’s military has held power for 50 years since then. And throughout this period, China has consistently supported military rule. For five long decades, the military junta and its allies have carried out extreme looting by support of China.
In the aftermath of the uprising that has so far erupted in the country against the military coup, the army police have jointly killed more than five hundred people, among them are women and children. Nowhere else has there been such a large number of murders of women and children in recent times. Formerly known as Burma, Myanmar is ruled by a military-backed government. They changed the name of the country to Burma. Constitutionally, the country has 440 members of parliament, 25% of whom are military personnel nominated by the military. No other country in the world has such a constitutional system.
Nobel Peace Prize winner Aung San Suu Kyi was long under home arrest. Army later drafted a constitution that freed him under pressure from around the world; Suu Kyi agreed to abide by the constitution and took part in the election. There were significant aspects of the new constitution; Giving members of the military a place to go to parliament. The second was another aspect, Suu Kyi was a citizen of Myanmar by birth but her husband was a British citizen by marriage. So Suu Kyi accepted military junta’s addition to the constitution to disqualify her from the presidency.
But Aung San Suu Kyi’s victory in the parliamentary elections in November last year, when the National League for Democracy (NLD) won a landslide victory, began a tug-of-war with the military leadership. According to the constitution, one-fourth of the seats in parliament are reserved for army members. Even then the army leadership became skeptical about their own authority. They alleged widespread fraud in the election. But the Election Commission has no basis for their allegations.
In this context, on the morning of the day the new parliament was due to convene, the army assumed power and declared a state of emergency for a year. They arrested several NLD leaders and members of parliament, including State Councilor Aung San Suu Kyi and President Win Mint. It is hard to believe that the army is talking about handing over power to the people through new elections where they declared a state of emergency and cut off internet and banking services.
In 2016, the Rohingya were tortured under the direction of the current leadership of Myanmar’s military. The head of this military force has seized power today. The Rohingya genocide took place at the behest of this man. General Min Aung Hliang, the 64-year-old army chief, made it clear when he came to power that the military’s control over politics should not be weakened in any way. For the last five decades, the army has controlled the clashes between various political parties and freedom-loving people in the country. However, if the NLD wins one democratic election after another, there is a risk that the military will lose control. And that’s why the coup occurred on February 1. In addition to the Rohingya, about 90 other ethnic groups live in Myanmar. Uniting them all; Building a great social unity is a long-term task. At the same time, it was essential to bring the country out of the hands of the military. However, Suu Kyi failed miserably. On the contrary, the army was severely upset by the results of the elections held during the Corona period last November.
The Myanmar army thought the path would be easy for them. They will be able to continue their military rule year after year ‘smoothly’ as in the past. But now they are realizing that the idea of ??the junta is wrong. The movement began in Myanmar shortly after the February 1 military coup quickly spread throughout the country, which now has taken the form of a ‘mass movement’. Two months have passed since the military coup in Myanmar. The country’s military has not had time to breathe since they overthrew Aung San Suu Kyi’s elected government and seized power. Protests, strikes and non-cooperation have been going on in Myanmar for more than two months. Myanmar in particular is almost devastated by strikes and non-cooperation. The deadly effects of this massive protest is noticeable in almost all sectors of the country, including the administration and the economy. Myanmar’s military junta is feeling the pressure of the movement to the bones and see no way out.
Initially, Myanmar army thought that these protests would not go far & will stop soon. But as the days go by, the intensity of the movement increases. The army chose to use force to quell the protesters. More than 560 protesters have been killed in Myanmar so far as a result of violent oppression by the military junta. Several thousand were arrested & detained.
Despite so many deaths, so much bloodshed, there is no fear among the country’s protesters; instead, they are taking to the streets with double courage every day. The country’s military junta is trying to stifle the demand for democracy with bullets. But the people of the country are clearly not caring about death anymore.
Myanmar’s military is trying to retain power with the old tactics. But they have failed to understand the ‘pulse’ of the people. The people of the country have a strong desire for democracy. Due to which they are fearless to give away their lives. Among them, the armed groups of the small ethnic groups have also united against the military rule. For this reason, the junta government of the country is going through various adversities.
Suu Kyi’s party people of the NLD, who have escaped arrests, formed a committee against the military coup. The committee called on the people of the country to build resistance against the army. Many in the country’s police and administration are leaving the junta. These signs indicate that the situation of the junta is not as strong as before. Bloodshed in Myanmar may increase, but it will be difficult for the junta to hold on to power.
The whole world is shocked and worried about the military coup in Myanmar. The United States has said in a statement that sanctions would be imposed on Myanmar if its democratic rights were not restored. The European Union also condemned. But inability to take action against Myanmar clears the failure of the United Nations since World War II. There are fears that the UN will lose its effectiveness in future. One of the proposals raised in the UN Security Council was to call it a murder. China’s objection to the word killing has been changed to death. Countries like China, Russia and India have indirectly supported Myanmar’s killings for economic gain. As the countries oppose the sanctions imposed by the Security Council, the military is launching new attacks on the unarmed people in the country. And even after so many killings, people are still protesting against the military rule.
The question is how China, Russia did and India could reach to the same place that favors Junta?
Extreme diplomatic tensions are raging between China and India over Ladakh. Despite this, both countries have adopted a similar approach to plundering Myanmar’s resources. They both deal with their confidence as they choose to embark on their activities. Otherwise, a strong resolution against Myanmar would have been raised in the Security Council, and even the issue of economic blockade would come up in line with the US resolution. There is another reason behind supporting the Myanmar’s incident. Allegations of genocide are being made all over the world, in the case of Kashmir against India and Xinjiang against China, and in the case Ukraine and Crimea against Russia, which is probably why they are legitimizing the killings in Myanmar. The language they used at the press conference is not enough against Myanmar. Even after such a massacre, China can take its side. It will not be accepted by the people of common sense in the world. With the Indian government claiming to be the world’s largest democracy, Modi’s role in the Security Council is not acceptable at all. As a result of this support, there does not appear to be any reason for the end of military rule in Myanmar. Army rule will be as long as in the past. As a result, there is little prospect of forcing Myanmar’s military to step down internationally. In this situation, only the people of Myanmar can pull the army out of power. An important aspect of history is memorable in the context of the current crisis in Myanmar and that is the public aspirations can never be suppressed. The people win at the end.
A Al Mujahid is regularly contributing to regional and international issues. He is studying at the University of Dhaka.