Biodiversity supports human and societal needs in a pollution-free environment -Zannatul Mouwa Naz & Mahmud Kamal Anamul Haque
Environmental pollution is constantly increasing. Despite progress on several indices, the public health situation is not at the desired level. Public health and the environment are closely related. When the environment is polluted, it inevitably affects the public health. Disrupted forests, lands and rivers and canals are the cause of natural disasters. The government is not aware enough about environmental protection, there is a tendency to ignore the demands of environmental protection. As a result, they cannot control the people who are eager to occupy canals, reservoirs and forests. There is also a lack of awareness among the people. Public awareness and government activism are needed to overcome this situation.
The key to success is to take the initiative to avoid being overwhelmed by anxiety. Environmental catastrophe due to hostile climate in Bangladesh is threatening the lives and biodiversity of the people of this land. So, there has been concern and anxiety everywhere. Bangladesh is a bit vocal about this catastrophe in the international forum. Bangladesh is much more indifferent to the adoption of its policy than the countries of the world that are aware of the threat posed by this environmental catastrophe. But the people of this town have already been affected by the environmental disaster. Environmentalists are concerned about the amount of data available at hand. The global environment is deteriorating rapidly, the decline in Bangladesh has been even faster in the last few decades. Bangladesh Environmental Protection Act was passed. But due to deforestation and depletion of deforestation and lack of industrial and transport control system, the country’s environment is going to reach a critical stage.
This town, with its exceptional geographical location, has been identified as an important place on the world map. About 1.5 million sq km of water flows down the Padma, Brahmaputra and Meghna rivers. Only eight percent of this water drainage area belongs to Bangladesh. Most of the drainage basins are located in neighboring countries. There are more than 250 major rivers in Bangladesh. Among these large rivers, the variable Meghna and the highly variable Padma and Jamuna can be classified. It is understood that water flood is the main consideration in the development of Bangladesh. River erosion is caused by river erosion and flash floods, the land is eroded and the natural environment is disrupted.
As a result of population growth, the environment is being ruined due to the increased use of technology and many necessities, and public health is being harmed. Smoke and garbage from vehicles and factories are polluting the environment. Mobile phones, mobile phone towers, routers used for the Internet, the amount of radiation that is spreading, people are facing various problems. What we need to do to protect public health and the environment is to install brick kiln chimneys at the right height, stop buying and selling high-capacity routers, remove mobile towers from crowded places, stop dumping garbage everywhere, waste recycling system. Arrangements have to be made for utilization and removal of old vehicles from the road.
Many natural disasters have no human hand, but man can balance the environment. Technology is the ladder of progress and civilization. However, the type or strategy of using this technology will determine what kind of impact it will have on the environment. Environmental pollution has adversely affected public life. According to a United Nations survey, pollution has caused three kilometers of thick fog in the skies of Asia, which could cause acid rain. As a result, billions of people will fall into disaster. As a result of global warming due to natural pollution, diseases like hepatitis B, polio, cholera etc. can increase. Increased penetration of the sun’s ultra-violet rays can increase the risk of skin cancer and cataracts. Even the amount of radioactivity in food grains can be increased. The general public needs to be made aware of environmental protection. We have to try to prevent environmental pollution. Emphasis should be placed on population control to maintain the balance of the environment. Harmful gas emissions from machinery and vehicles must be reduced. The use of natural gas and solar powered devices should be increased. Arbitrary deforestation must be stopped and tree planting must be turned into a social movement. The use of organic fertilizers instead of chemical fertilizers and pesticides should be increased. Human existence is in crisis today due to environmental pollution. Everyone’s pledge is to build a healthy and pollution-free environment.
Environmental pollution and threats to public health are increasing due to people’s unawareness. Disposing of residual drugs after use. This is polluting the environment and antibiotics are becoming resistant to germs. The use of polythene has increased, it is being dumped everywhere. Taking the leftovers of food to a drain next to the house. Factories do not use ETP, resulting in water being polluted and groundwater being used without river water. The level of pollution is increasing. Awareness and strict enforcement of the law is needed first and foremost.
In fact, long-term measures need to be taken to prevent pollution and protect the environment. It is necessary to take effective action plan to prevent pollution and take initiative for its successful implementation now. A large number of people die every year due to water pollution in the country. Therefore, effective steps must be taken to prevent water pollution. All rivers must be de-polluted. Otherwise, public health will soon face a major threat. We are ruining the balance of the world’s environment. But it goes without saying that we are not prepared to deal with it. We can create green nature by planting trees. May the dream of a biodiversity country come true.
There is no room for delay in taking necessary steps in the light of the environmental policy adopted to protect the healthy environmental situation. In recent years, due to the movement of environmentalists in the face of environmental degradation all over the world, most of the countries have started giving importance to the formulation of suitable environmental policies and effective implementation of its policies and goals. There is global pressure on industrialized nations to take action to reduce their environmental problems. The strategy of developing countries to formulate environmental policy is a recent one. The governance and environmental priorities of developing countries are very different from those of the industrialized world. As a developing country, Bangladesh has problems in formulating and implementing its policies. The acute lack of necessary data and interdisciplinary knowledge has made this task difficult. In terms of physical and socio-economic characteristics, Bangladesh can be termed as an experimental field of sustainable management. In view of such a situation, the importance of environmental policy in Bangladesh and its implementation is difficult, but to back away from it would be suicidal. Concerns have been raised by environmental activists about the rapid deterioration of the environment in urban and rural areas. The government must be enterprising with this importance.
More skilled manpower needs to be recruited for public health and environmental protection. The law must be properly enforced. Dilapidated vehicles should be stopped on roads and highways, loud horns should be banned, and urban garbage should be cleaned regularly. Plastic and polythene products should be avoided, rural garbage and excreta should not be mixed in the canals or river water. Adequate tree planting is required to maintain the balance of the environment, forests need to be conserved. A beautiful and healthy environment makes human life beautiful, so if the environment is beautiful, human habitation is useful, if the environment is beautiful, health will also be protected. We all have to keep an eye on that.
The authors of this article are the Executive Editor, The Environment Review