Dialogue for Reconciliation and Peace after Conflict Sociological Analysis -Tarakul Islam
The German sociologist Ralf Daherendrof says that all social life is a conflict because it is changeable. Collision is the antecedent form of conflict. Historical conflicts of interest between a student organization and an alternative student organization have been reported on the pages of newspapers for a long time. A few days ago, it was seen that the Chhatra Dal clashed with the Chhatra League in a procession on the DU campus. Such incidents are not new. The search for the cause of the phenomenon is based on Daherendorfs’ theory of conflict, he said, adding that power and power give rise to two classes of conflict. One is the Super Ordinate Group or the obedient or powerful party which has clashed with the student groups under the umbrella of power. Two, those who have been attacked are naturally the “Sub Ordinate Group. All the student organizations were so reckless in the history of the power shift after independence.
When the government passed the Digital Security Act in 2016, the people and various political and non-political parties, and various conscious circles strongly protested against it. The reason given is that there is an opportunity to arrest opposition parties, journalists, or critics of the government in the trap of this law. As a result, the journalist community also protested against it. The conflict between these groups and the government is a manifestation of the power and authority of the traditional government, which seeks to control dissent and trends. During the election, members of the ruling party beat and chased away the activists of the non-ruling party candidates. This kind of conflict is called the “Real conflict” by the American sociologist Lewis A Coser.
Conflicts also occur within families living under the same roof. Sometimes this conflict turns into collisions. However, after the collision, a reunion took place again. German sociologist Georg Simmel said that the closer the relationship, the more conflict there will be. However, Coser said, “Conflict results in reconciliation.” But the real social condition is that at every level of society, from state to government, from party to faction and opposition party, from country to country, and above all the whole international world is engaged in a conflict of interest. It is very difficult to bring the whole world on the same path for different reasons. However, in the course of history, it has been seen that the nuclear powers of the world are engaged in a conflict of interest and almost destroy each other and they have bound to the absolute relationship again. For instance, European nations fought for hundreds of years and eventually came to the formation of the European Union. African countries have been at war for hundreds of years and are now united in the African Union. SAARC has been formed in South Asia and ASEAN in Southeast Asia. In this way, the whole world is connected through the United Nations and technology. However, in the conflict of interest, they are separated in different ways. After World War II, Japan, the arch-enemy of the United States, formed an unprecedented relationship. Japan is America’s place of trust in Asian countries. These relationships are the result of the conflict.
From the principle of conservation of energy in the discussion of “force” in the third chapter of the physics book of secondary school, we know that if two objects collide with each other with such velocity, then after the collision they will become one object. From this point of view, we can say that the internal conflict of interest of the society, the political conflict and conflict of the opposition party with the government party, and the conflict of interest in world politics have an opportunity to be resolved. If opposing parties and castes and groups of opinion, eat at each other’s table and sit in the discussion.
Positive and negatively charged reverse cables of electricity, such as when they touch one another, ignite the sparks of fire and try to catch fire, but when connected, the light in the bulb burns. In the same way, to bring the light to the country (Enlightenment), everyone has to come to the same table irrespective of party, opinion, caste, and religion. Economic problems have become evident in the present country. The political situation is not favorable. One party is constantly calling the other party pro-India and pro-Pakistan. Opposition groups called for a boycott of the by-elections. The roar of some small groups can also be heard. Only threats, slanders, violent protests, conspiracies against the state, threats to destroy communal harmony, attacks on Islam, etc., terrifying and terrifying offensive rhetoric shakes the heart. It seems that everyone around is burning with hatred, violence, and revenge.
The government and the opposition are all cursing each other, arguing that they love the country. There has been no solution to the nation’s conflict and collision by spreading such insults and terror? However, sources said that after the civil war in Europe, America, China, and Russia, many countries in Asia have re-established state unity. After the two world wars, the people of the world have become united internationally. The most gratifying thing is that there was no civil war in Bangladesh after independence. Moreover, many national political parties of Bangladesh have been engaged in a great competition to serve the people since independence. This means that the people of Bangladesh are very peaceful and patriotic.
All parties are the ultimate claimants and competitors in establishing the services and rights of the people of the country. In the interest of the people of this country and the spirit of service, countless people have been convicted, imprisoned, or ever bled again. At the same time, for the sake of political interests, one party does nothing to destroy the other party. Still doing so, the hope is that the government also believes that the conflict of interest of the opposition will end soon. Because the youth of the country do not want to see burning in the name of any mass movement. Again, they do not like the government’s repression of the opposition. Peace-loving youths do not want the horrible days of the strike to come back again. Do not want to see the fire in the street, in the educational institution, or the car. There is no need for another government to come to power if our country’s resources are wasted and the country’s economy is damaged.
The country has gone through fifty years of conflict and collisions. We know better about reunions would be after conflict. Therefore, the peace-loving Bengalis no longer want to see the power struggle for the progress of the country, keeping in view the great national interest. We want the development of the country and the people of the country. With that development agenda in mind, I propose to sit in a national dialogue with the participation of all parties in the next parliamentary elections. The principle of decision in that dialogue will be decided not by the majority of parliamentary members but in consultation with other major political parties of the country in a democratic manner. Whether the election will be held under a caretaker government or a party government will be decided at a table in consultation with all national political parties. I am expecting that the next parliamentary elections will be free and fair, ignoring the party’s interests by giving priority to the interests of the people of the country.
The author of this article is studying at the University of Chittagong.