Babri Mosque issue politicized in India – Prof. Engr. Zamir Ahmed Awan
Centuries-old Babri Mosque was built in 1528–29 (935 AH) by general Mir Baqi, on orders of the Mughal emperor Babar, in Ayodhya, India. A dispute arose among Muslims and Hindus communities in the 18th Century, as Hindus claim the place as the birthplace of Hindu deity God Rama. In 1853, British rulers divided the courtyard into two parts by a fence and dedicated a part for Hindus to worship and another part was still in-use by Muslims as usual. In 1947, Sub-continent was divided into Muslim Majority Pakistan and Hindu Majority India. The tension was afresh as Hindus gained a majority in India. Muslims constitute around 15% of the population.
In the 1950s the case was formally filed into court for the right of worship by Hindus. But due to lack of evidence and due to the nature of sensitivity, the case was not finalized for seven decades. It was pending and prolonged for 70 years, as no one was able to give a final verdict based on facts in favor of Muslims and scared of violence from Hindu Community.
The mosque was attacked and demolished by Karsevaks in 1992 and ignited communal violence across the country. Where more than 2000 Muslims were killed. Since then, Indian Courts were sitting on the case and sacred to reveals the facts due to backlash by Hindu extremists.
Prime Minister Modi, was among the mob attacked on Babri Mosque in 1992. He was playing a leading role in the attack on the Mosque. He was also involved in the massacre of thousands of killings of Muslims in 2002 in Gujrat when he was Chief Minister of Gujrat state.
Prime Minister Modi, belongs to RSS an extremist Hindu political party. During his election campaign earlier this year, he declared to hand over the place of Babri Mosque to Hindus and finally he votes from the extremist Hindu segment of the society and won the election by a majority.
He kept his promise and pressurized Courts in India and finally, he did, what was expected. Indian Government deployed extra force to suppress any reaction from Muslims and arrested or detained Muslim scholars, activists, leaders, politicians and common citizens. The court decision was decided already and all precautionary measures were placed in advance.
According to reports about court decision “India’s Supreme Court has awarded Hindus control of a disputed religious site in the town of Ayodhya for the construction of a temple, in a landmark verdict announced amid heightened security across the country. Muslims will be given five acres of land at an alternative site in Ayodhya, in northern Uttar Pradesh state, the top court ruled on Saturday”.
The court decision is biased, against the basic principles of justice, and highly politicized. It has spread a wave of anger among the 2 billion Muslims around the world. The Muslims in India are in minority, and suppressed, may not react in any intensity, but has hurt the feelings. The hate and polarity may have grown further. Since the Modi came into power, his bias and anti-minority policies were exercised. During his first tenure, BJP was not in the absolute majority, so he could not harm the minorities to that extent. But during his second tenure, he got an absolute majority, where he can make any legislation according to his wishes. He has harmed Minorities to an irreversible extent. Like his accession of Kashmir, anti-Muslimism policies in Assam regarding citizenship issue, and latest, his pressure on courts to give verdict which courts could not give since the 1950s.
This decision is a message of hate, Nazism, ant-minorities and a black spot on the face of India. There was a time when people think India the largest democracy and a secular state. But today, India has been hijacked by extremist Hindus, and it has become a Hindu extremist state, no longer a secular state. The elections were held under a very tense environment, where Hindu extremists were using all types of torture, pressure, and dirty-tricks to force people to vote for extremist’s Hindu candidates. It was not a free and fair election, where people can vote according to their free will without any pressure. So, India is not the largest democracy anymore. It has turned into an extremists’ Hindus state. Where minorities are victims.
There is a reaction from moderate Hindus within the India and opposition parties are also expressing their dissatisfaction. Human rights organizations, NGOs and impartial civic society are also considering it a biased decision. Media is scared to criticize openly, but not satisfied with this politicization. Muslims inside India are sacred and are afraid of more cruelty.
In the international community, it has been criticized widely and especially the Western World is also not satisfied with its handling and politicization. The civilized world has been criticizing the biased decision and afraid of a reaction from the Muslim world. OIC is also not satisfied with this decision. The general public in Muslim countries is not happy and very angry about such an unfair court verdict.
In fact, India has been exposed and the civilized world has seen the true face of India.
Author: Prof. Engr. Zamir Ahmed Awan, Sinologist, ex-Diplomat, Academician, Researcher, member editorial board (World Scientific), Peace-activist, Geo-analyst, Non-Resident Fellow of CCG (Center for China and Globalization), Islamabad, Pakistan.