The whole Muslim UMMAH is nowadays facing numerous problems in terms of politics, sectarians and conspiracy of anti-Islamic groups. The entire situation has come to the present in such a condition where the whole world has fallen into crisis. This is not the time to argue whether the Muslims are responsible but to think about how we can overcome this crisis to unite the Muslim UMMAH in order to uphold peace in the world. When a nation is united it becomes invincible in the world and no other nation dares to confront such power. The truth is that our enemies are not bigger than our non-unity. Focusing on this point, the Almighty has sent down a verse upon His beloved messenger Muhammad (pbuh) which says, “And hold fast, all together, unto the bond with God, and do not draw apart from one another.” ’ (Al Qur’an, 3:103)
Definition of UMMAH
The term Ummah refers to “the people” in Arabic, more specifically to the people who have firm faith upon the religion Islam and who hold common ideology and culture. This terminology has also been used in the Quran by Allah referring to the Muslims. It is more commonly used in the Muslim world. Therefore, UMMAH means the nations who believe in the oneness of Allah and accept Muhammad (pbuh) as His messenger irrespective of color, territory, race or any other identity.
The present situation of the unity of UMMAH
The present situation of the Muslim UMMAH is as follows:
We see two types of division namely internal and external within and outside of a Muslim country. The Muslim World is divided into various sects politically. In past, the Shia-Sunni conflict was religious but the Iranian revolution of 1979 has given it a political dimension. Besides, Kurd conflict, ISIS in the Middle East, these groups are divided for political reason. Similarly, we see internal conflict among political groups in many Muslim countries. For instance, we have seen the verdict of five top leaders of Bangladesh Jamat-E-Islami .
Some Muslims claim that the person who does not wear long dress or veil on the face is not Muslim. They always keep themselves up busy in disputes with moderate Muslims. Sometimes, it is seen that some Muslim majority countries merge Islamic culture with their own existing culture and thus create a new semi-Islamic culture and those countries feel very proud to be identified distinctively as upholders of Islamic culture. For this reason, it creates separation among the Muslim UMMAH and weakens the strength. Certainly there are cultural differences in an explicit manner among the Muslim nations in terms of dress, food, social manner and language but they must not be taken as topics of argument.
Every follower of Islam feels the need of unity among the Muslim Ummah. . But unfortunately it is often seen that the conflicts arising in Afghanistan, Pakistan, Somalia, Algeria, Turkey, Egypt, Lebanon, Bangladesh, South Africa (within Muslims), UK (within Muslims), USA (within Muslims), Canada (within Muslims) and many other Muslim and non-Muslim countries are most of the time created in the name of Islam. The conflicting Muslim parties fight against each other in the name of Allah. The reason is clear. In all conflicts if we review the conditions of compromise/ unity, we will find that our leaders, Imams, scholars, governments and Islamic organizations want to unite Muslims based upon their “own” principles and beliefs. Although, there is no dispute in the Qur’an but nowadays every sect / organization / government / Imam / leader has their own interpretation of Qur’an and Hadith. Every sect / organization / government / Imam / leader is struggling for control and power in order to implement their own sectarian beliefs and policies. We talk a lot about unity but we want unity based upon our own conditions. Some religious groups and sects claim that they are killing or declaring Muslims as KAFIR, MUSHRIK, BID’ATEE, etc. in order to please Allah. How could we achieve this unity? In some regions, Muslims do not protest against any Muslim-killing outside their own territory/country for the reason of the honor of their national territory, even they do not protest against the illegal actions taken by their governments against struggling-Muslim groups.
The Muslim UMMAH is ideologically divided into various sects and groups. Some follows the path of extremism, some are partial, some are misled by the propaganda of anti-Islamic forces and some are moderate. Some groups believe in socio-political aspect and some denies political aspect of Islam. For instance, in Bangladesh a group emerged who feel proud to call themselves secular Muslims.
If a deeper study is made regarding the Islamic history and the development of Islamic Jurisprudence (The science of Fiqh), we will realize that the four Ahl-e-Sunnat Imams of Islamic Jurisprudence, Imam Abu Hanifah, Imam Malik, Imam Shafi’e and Imam Ahmed bin Hanbal (May Allah shower His mercy upon them) had very high respect and love for the family of Prophet Muhammad (Peace be upon him). They learnt Islamic Jurisprudence from Imams of Ahl-e-Bait (family of Prophet Muhammad, Peace be upon him). The major division among the Muslims in Jurisprudence occurred when the Science of Fiqh (Islamic Jurisprudence) became a formal subject and thus the Sunni Muslims became separated into four Madhabs (ways) like HANAFI, MALIKI, SHAFI’E AND HANBALI. The Shi’a Muslims created a separate Fiqah exclusively for their own and called it JA’FARIAH (from Imam Ja’ffar us Sadiq, May Allah be pleased with him). In terms of Quran and Sunnah, jurisprudential differences among Imams and Islamic scholars based on the practice of Islam in different regional and cultural context come within the ambit of Islamic Sha’ria. But, later on, the followers of Imams and subsequent scholars made it a big issue. We still see such partitions among the Muslims.
Education in the context of Islam is regarded as a process that involves the making of a complete person, including the rational, spiritual, and social dimensions. As noted by Syed Muhammad al-Naquib al-Attas in 1979, the comprehensive and integrated approach to education in Islam is directed toward the “balanced growth of the total personality…through training man’s spirit, intellect, rational self, feelings and bodily senses…such that faith is infused into the whole of his personality”.
The Muslim countries are following different education systems to build their future generation. We see many Muslim majority countries making their syllabi following and reflecting the Western thoughts and beliefs in most cases. We see various education systems even in a Muslim country which create mental conflicts in their religious belief and increase ideological differences in their family, social and national life. In Bangladesh, the students are being educated under several distinct education systems named general, Alia, Qawmi and English Medium – where western cultures are generally followed. In Turkey, there are basically two types of streams in their education systems – one is general and another is Imam hatip vocational schools which are used to train Islamic knowledge and culture. Definitely, these separate systems shall increase ideological conflict between and among the streams of future generations.
Muslim intellectuals’ contribution to unite the UMMAH:
Along with some organizations, many contemporary Muslim intellectuals are coming forward to eradicate the disunity of Muslim UMMAH with the power of knowledge of the Qur’an and Sunnah (the Prophetic tradition). Tariq Ramadan, Fethullah Gulen, Noman Ali Khan, Yasir Quadi are worthy to mention here. Besides, we find some regional and international organization working on uniting the Muslim UMMAH. United Muslim Foundation is a UK based Islamic organization which works on the unification of the Muslim UMMAH arranging intra-dialogue among Muslim communities. US Council of Muslim Organizations is another US based Islamic organization which works for unifying the Muslim UMMAH. In addition, some other altruist persons and emerging organizations are making their way out with the efforts of unifying Muslim UMMAH.
Necessity of unity.
The reasons why we need to be unified are as follows:
Problems that happen for the absence of unity:
Enormous problems are being confronted by the UMMAH for the absence of unity. Today, the Muslim world is much more beset with problems than that of others, although the great purpose of Islam is totally different from the scenario. Unemployment, economic disparity, hunger, illiteracy, sectarianism and extremism are vehemently being found in the Muslim world. Political instability has become a serious concern among the Muslims. Palestinian crisis is not a newly emerged issue; rather more than half a century before, the crisis was emerged by the Westerners but the shattered Muslims have not yet been able to solve that problem. The unemployment rate among the Palestinians is over 26 percent according to ILO. The casualties emerged from Iraq and Afghan war are innumerable. One million Iraqis were killed by the US invasion and even today Iraq is bearing those heinous consequences. Afghanistan, Libya, Algeria are bearing the strong evidence of the consequence of non-cooperation among the Muslim UMMAH. Terrorism and extremism have become a severe threat on the identity of Muslim though Islam has no connection with terrorism. So a unified Muslim community would easily be able to solve the problems and that will bring worldly and spiritual welfare to the whole humanity.
Benefits the conspirators get for our division:
The conspirators are highly benefitted from the existing division among the Muslims. Political and economic dependence are booming for the non-unity and sometimes it is used as an instrument for repressing Muslims by the Muslims. The Iraq-Iran war was carried out by the heinous conspiracy of the United States in 90s. The present Syrian civil war has become a catastrophe to hundreds of thousands of people as since the inception of the war, innumerable people have escaped from the country but the fact is that always Muslims have been victimized and more than that. Despite Muslim territory is the key player in the modern world as the biggest supplier of the natural resources as oil, gas and so forth, the Muslims’ resources are being used for the implementation of Western political agenda.
Bad effects for having no unity:
Problems that are being faced by the Muslims are the supreme consequence for the lack of unity among the Muslims. Sectarianism is not being possible to deter for non-co-operation and as a consequence, life of lots of people has become endangered. Palestine issue is still unsolved and Western powers still dare to invade new Muslim territories under the veil of different lame excuse e.g. terrorism etc. because of non-unity in UMMAH. The present situation is that every Muslim country appears to think is that economic development is the ultimate object of the nation territory. Cultural and traditional activities are getting lost day by day and which has made a possibility for getting influenced by the Western anti-Islamic culture and, consequently, a severe crisis is going through into the Muslim minds whether it is better to follow the Western or Islam. Though, there is no fundamental difference between Shite and Sunnis, but apparently this is used for promoting political disturbance. In the south-east Asia, the Rohingya problem has severely destroyed thousands of Muslim lives, immense property as well and even today, the exclusion from the land is going on but this problem has not yet been solved. It was expected that the Muslim world would take initiative to resolve that crisis but no satisfactory result was emerged. So the entire Muslim nation is passing over a serious crisis for the lack of unity.
Why do we need unity?
Now in the contemporary world, Muslim UMMAH is divided into various sects based upon narrow concept of nationalism, economic dependency on non-Muslim countries and diversified education system. The importance of unity among the UMMAH can be circumscribed in various ways. The Qur’anic requirement is that the Muslims should always be unified and by this requirement every task can be achieved easily. Political, social and economic issues can easily be solved if the UMMAH is unified. If we call to mind the history of Muslim UMMAH, the picture we can visualize that the downward among the Muslim nation territories started as soon as they started denying the unity. Today’s real picture is that the most influential role players among inside the Muslim countries are the Westerners but the fact is that how aliens can have such power despite we have one and half billion populations. A common problem faced by most of the Muslim countries is the internal conflict between secularism and Islam. A strong sect has been created among and within Muslims who implement those agenda which the Western powers want them to implement. These divisions and non-unity are paving the farther way to make the UMMAH more vulnerable. Should there have been any invasion in Iraq, Afghan, Libya and Syria, if the UMMAH were unified?
The speech of Imam Khomeini is worthy to mention here. He mentioned the real situation of divided Muslim UMMAH and urged us to be united to protect the whole world from being destroyed. He said that Islamic nation has passed over desperate times and has seen many ups and downs in the history; and today it has reached to a decisive point. Today is the day of unifying the Islamic world. You see the enemy investment to discompose the current poor unity. They try to make schism between Islamic tribes, Islamic sects and Islamic nations spreading narrow concept of nationalism, native culture, Shia- Sunni conflict, Fiqh, so called terrorism to make people of one side kill the people of other side and vice versa and, consequently, they remain unaware of the real enemy of the Muslim world and designers of domination over this area of the world. If the Muslim world had been united, Palestine should not have remained lonely today. It is the time to forget the differences and mention the similarities which we hold as a Muslim. As they consider us as Muslim, and kill us illegally and violently only for this identity, we should not be separated for silly reasons what we can avoid easily. We should forget small dissimilarities for the greater interest of the UMMAH. When Imam Khomeini has forgotten Shia-Sunni conflict we, the Sunnis, should forget the conflict and come forward for the purpose of uniting the UMMAH.
The Muslims have to understand that the Westerners will not ever drive the Muslims to the right path rather the Muslims by their own have to solve their problems and that is why a unified UMMAH is a crying need.
Obstacles in the way of being unified.
We can define the obstacles in the way to be unified in two broader senses —–
Weaknesses (Internal Problems)
Threat (External Problems)
Weaknesses (Internal Problems):
After the death of prophet Muhammad (PBUH), the Muslims became divided into various groups with different ideologies like Wahabi, Kharejee, Salafi etc. The reality suggests that these groups can’t tolerate each other easily. In this way, the internal conflict emerged systematically.
Western influenced Shia-Sunni sectarian dogma is presented as a rising phenomenon in Islamic world which is responsible for dividing the UMMAH. It should be avoided by soft handed policies as soon as possible.
Different explanation of knowledge regarding Sharia:
The academic opinions of the rated four Fuqaha, Imam Malik, Imam Abu Haneefah, Imam Shafi’i and Imam Ahmad ibn Hanbal based on the understanding and interpretation of the Qur’an and Sunnah texts are known as the four schools of thought. Every school has the sufficient materials which are accepted in Sha’ria. Because there are mutual differences in their opinions and explanation on the contextual practice of Sha’ria and why there is a difference in their followers. Due to this, the Muslim UMMAH has been divided into several groups. These rated Jurists tried to explore the will of Almighty and to adapt the practice of Islam in different contexts by going through the Holy Quran and Sunnah for which they deserve high reward. However the Muslims have made it mandatory to follow one specific Imam and started to undermine the others. Due to this, the view of bigotry born and the Muslims have started confrontation against each other causing deterioration to the real spirit of Islam.
The whole Islamic world is going through a critical situation that also affected the leadership. Leadership dilemma from both technical and adaptive perspective has arisen among Muslim UMMAH and, thus, created a problem to take any bold decision. This leadership crisis also badly affects the way onward to unifying the UMMAH. The leaders of Muslim countries are failing to unite in the points of their common interests despite Muslim UMMAH has plenty of burning issue in common.
The reality suggests that the leaders of Muslim countries are immature in diplomacy and that increases their dependency on the non-Muslim world. This is another point where Muslim leaders often fail to come into a common interest with West and to negotiate their share in mutual diplomacy.
Heterogeneous political interest:
Because of separate national identity of Muslim countries, the political interest is heterogeneous in nature. Therefore the UMMAH is divided into many fraction based on their political interest. These interests often collide with each other which further create the ground of dissension.
Gap in knowledge movement:
The vast population of Muslim UMMAH is illiterate and therefore cannot take a holistic decision. They are being constantly exploited by the anti-Islamic forces. Moreover, the tendency of learning Islamic education among Muslims is losing significance because of western dominated secular education system.
Unwilling to sacrifice:
Since the sense of brotherhood is clearly absent from Muslim mind, the tendency of sacrifice is absent too.
Lack of information:
The Muslim states do not share information and technology with each other. Therefore individually they are dependent upon non-Islamic state, which has created a vicious cycle of dependency. Besides, the share the Muslim world holds in modern information technology is nominal comparing with the West that is another reason for backwardness of Muslims. It is said that the West rule the world through the force of information.
The Muslim UMMAH does not possess internationally recognized medias therefore it is often carried away by the propaganda of anti-Islamic media. This clearly impacts unification process. The media crisis also equally affects in the internal politics among Muslim countries as the reality suggests that majority of domestic medias in Muslim countries are possessed and dominated by west supported groups.
Contemporary world system is based on power structure. Some states are power maker and rest of the states is power taker. Unfortunately there is no single Islamic super power under which a Muslim umbrella can be created.
The UMMAH could not get out from a pre-colonial tendency. Its behavior is molded by pre-colonial structure. This pre-colonial structure systematically creates dissension among Muslim states. For instance, still Bangladesh is continuing its problematic administrative set up and education system that was created by British colonial regime. As a consequence, whenever Bangladesh faces any problem regarding its administration or education, it becomes busy to import formula from Britain or a commonwealth ally. Hence, this creates the way for the neo-colonialism.
Stages to unite the UMMAH
Muslim UMMAH has currently made up one fourth of the entire world population. However, their role in world politics, even in their internal affairs, is far less important than the role of foreign governments and superpowers.
Today the countries of the Muslim world are not united at all. National Governments are created undesirably by the withdrawing colonial powers and evil spirit of nationalism are all psychologically pulling in different directions, according to their own self-centered interests.
The unity of the Muslim countries is absolutely essential – even if most Statesmen are incapable of trusting each other. Head of Muslim states should stop fighting amongst themselves and start to truly work together, for the good of all people throughout the Muslim world. They need to all be heading in the same direction – aligned towards their common good. If countries are to ever resolve the major problems in the world today, countries and their respective governments must start “working together towards UMMAH’s collective good”.
Unity among political parties of Muslim countries is the need of the day for uniting the UMMAH. Now is time for political parties and groups to build warm relationship with others in national and international arena by sharing knowledge, thought and strategies and view exchange, dialogue and discussion. Islamic scholars and forums should try firmly to achieve convergence among different parties and hopefully the fruits of these efforts will be witnessed in uniting UMMAH’s political parties. The Islamic Movements also should develop an ardent passion to make their own nation-state the leader (model) in the struggle of Islamic revival. We can look at Syed Maudoodi’s vision for Indian subcontinent as a model Islamic State, and Ustadh Hasan-al-Banna for the “Arab world” as the source of a “basic” Islamic State.
The opportunities and potential for Muslim youths are infinite. Muslim Youth led organizations can build bridges and establish a comprehensive network that has geared towards the spiritual and intellectual development of the youths and young generation in Muslim world. They should promote unity amongst Muslims, engage youths in the propagation of Islam, and to promote youth involvement in Islamic initiatives.
Some organizations like WAMY, IIFSO are working for uniting Muslim youth organizations around the world. Followings are some common ways to unite the Muslim youth in social and political engagements:
Human Rights Organizations
Social service oriented organizations
Youth engagement in intellectual work
Types of unities
As a Muslim, we cannot let the anti-Islamic ideologists make the laws for us. It is our responsibility to establish Islamic practices and regulations from individual to national level. From very sense, individual, family, society and state are inter-related to build a peaceful and humanitarian nation. So any anti-Islamic action in apex stage affect an individual and any individual anti-Islamic act hamper the common interest of whole nation. So political integrity within and out of the state is necessary; especially with other Islamic states or political party. USA took initiatives to make good relation with Muslim countries based on three grounds namely (1) the dynamics set in play by the Arab Spring; (2) the nuclear issue with Iran; and (3) the Middle East peace negotiations. They emphasized on common interests of both parties ignoring conflicts existed among them. They became successful almost in all cases and came to an agreement with Iran on the very debatable issue of Nuclear power. Similarly, Islamic political parties can and should come to the point which is acceptable to all parties and it is possible if they can ignore dissimilarities and emphasize on common interests of all parties.
The recent conflict between two blocks named Saudi Arabia and Iran has reinforced the need of reconciliation of Muslim UMMAH to avoid the fruitless clash between them. In order to effectuate the attempt of uniting the UMMAH both parties have to honor and protect of its Shia citizens living within its own territory. Irrespective in nature like kingdom or democracy, a political party sitting in power of the state or should honor the ideology of another party avoiding the dissimilarity and this broad mind can unite Muslim UMMAH in terms of politics. We should remember that this conflict benefits western block and demolishes Muslim unity which is detrimental to us.
After World War II, non-Muslim powerful countries established some economic organization to spread economic web to catch big deals of developing Muslim countries bringing new dimension in economic arena and continued economic suppression un Muslim UMMAH. Still, the UMMAH is circling within this new economic trap of western countries. We need an economic organization representing solely by the Muslims upon the consensus of every Islamic state. Islamic Development Bank consisting of 56 members and authorized capital of ID 100 billion and subscribed capital to ID 50 billion, which was established in 1975, helped Muslim countries to be integrated. But IDB is not all the current economic situation of UMMAH requires. On the other hand, the major problem of the Muslim countries is the dependency on Western developed countries. In most cases, they impose irrational obligations on us to spend our loan in specific project which ultimately benefits the westerners and keep extra pressure on us to repay the amount. So, economic unity of Muslim UMMAH is another way to be freed from the economic oppression of the West.
According to the Economic Freedom index, some Muslim countries are less free (Table 1) & (Table 2).
This study shows the real scenario of Muslim countries of Middle East but the entire condition of the Muslim world along with the underdeveloped countries is worse and the Muslim UMMAH is greatly dependent on western in economic diplomacy. So, it can open a great opportunity for Muslim UMMAH to be united in economic sector which would help us to decrease the dependency on non-Islamic blocks. For west, we can give the example of EU, how EU united the Christian countries in Europe and how it enabled them to dominate the great portion of the world economy.
Cultural difference is also a barrier in Muslim unity. Inhabitants of one Muslim country are not ready to change their cultures and traditions with those of other Muslim countries and adapt any change. Cultural differences in case of dress, foods, language are some important examples. Some Muslims are so much adamant in love with their native languages that they repudiate to adopt another language. But as a Muslim, we have to read Quran which was sent down in Arabic language. If every Muslim knows Arabic Language he would be able to understand the message of Quran and this common language would help all Muslims to understand other Muslims. Therefore, we have another way to come to the close of each other and to be united under the shield of Islam. We can remove cultural differences.
If the Muslim UMMAH get Islamic teachings properly it will be sufficient to control the world in future. But most Islamic countries have failed to provide modern education system which can make Muslim students qualified challenging secular and non-Muslim threats. This is because our syllabi are not up-to-date according to modern education system. We do not read under the curriculum which is a must to challenge the modern secular world. The thought of Said Nursi (1877–1960) is worthy to mention here. Sukran Vahide in her book “Islam In Modern Turkey: An Intellectual Biography Of Bediuzzaman Said Nursi” said that Turkey did not change their syllabi since fourteen century and even in 1840, the situation of education system was lamentable and this was the main reason for being blind in the field of knowledge and that was the reason of losing the Khilafat. When secularism came to the power of Turkey gaining of Islamic knowledge was banned. At that time Said Nursi recommended changing the situation. In his words:
“While recognizing the differences in their ways, he [Nursi] stresses that the barriers between them should be broken down, and by way of a remedy, modern science should be taught in the medreses “in place of obsolete ancient philosophy,” religious sciences should be taught “fully” in the secular schools, and scholars from the medreses, “some of the most learned ulama,” should be present in the Sufi tekkes. He then goes on to analyze the reasons for the ineffectiveness of the preachers, who played such a vital role in educating the mass of the people.”
So, we can work altogether make a modern Islamic education system which will contain science, theology, Fiqh and other necessary subjects. No doubt, this is the time to rethink about Islamic education system altogether being united to regain our glorious time.
When unity is our ultimate destination to regain our power and authority over the world politics, economy and culture, we must occupy some tools to reach out destination. Some tools can be recommended as the crying need in the present world order:
Media and Movie
Albert Pike, an attorney, soldier, writer, and Freemason, planned to foment hatred against Islam for world war III. He did so to confront Islam and Zionism to destroy each other mutually. The western media wonderfully paints Islam as a death cult bent on world domination. They broadcast in media showing footage of killing people to prove that Muslims are terrorists. There are 1.6 billion Muslims in the world. They, ignoring good teachings of Islam, only discuss on ISIS (Islamic State of Iraq and Syria), which has been described as the “richest terrorist group in the world” and never represent Muslim world or Islam at all. They repeatedly instigate the schism between Shia-Sunni conflict to divide Muslim UMMAH and weaken its strength as it is the best way that they followed for centuries to oppress Muslims.
Besides this, there are various movies which were made to criticize the great teachings of Islam and belittle Muslim UMMAH. Fitna is a 2008 short film by Dutch parliamentarian Geert Wilders, Van Gogh, a Dutch film director, worked with the Somali-born writer and politician Ayaan Hirsi Ali to produce the short film Submission (2004) which criticized the treatment of women in Islam. Similarly, we see some positive initiatives in the field of movie. “The Message” made by Moustapha Akkad on the life of Prophet Mohammad (pbuh). Omar Faruk series directed by Hatem Ali are some fantastic work which influences the society. The movie is the best way to reach the mass people to call them towards the Islam and Muslim Unity. So it can be another tool to be united as a Muslim UMMAH.
International independent organizations.
We have another immense option of working in international arena by establishing organizations with key specific specializations e.g. human rights, environment, empowerment and so forth. For instance, if Muslims can establish and own an organization like “Green Peace” or “Human Rights Watch” that will foster the process of unity in Muslim UMMAH.
Promoting common ideology through dialogues etc.
We can be united by promoting and preaching Islamic dialogues, lectures which will work as the groundwork for uniting thoughts of Muslims around the Globe. We have some Islamic scholars who have already started their journey lecturing in various international conferences but this should be a priority agenda for us and should be much more increased in order to shape the unity of thoughts.
Common Fiqh board.
If we have a FIqh board consisting of and representing to all segments of Muslim UMMAH, if possible, it can be another tool of being united.
History of Islam.
We should know the history of Islam and its evolution which can give us an open mind to accept different views and to promote Muslim unity as our root though branches may be different. We may come to a common point reading the history of Islam and the glorious past of the UMMAH.
Once Arabic literature was prominent around the Globe and Muslims dominated the field of literature up to fifteen century. Literature upholding Islam and Muslim cultures can promote brotherhood among the Muslim nations and can ease the way of bridging between Muslims and non-Muslims.
Utilizing Natural resource
Muslims own enormous natural resources. They occupy imp