True Facts behind the Terrorist Attacks in Turkey By -Abdur Rahman Fuad
Turkey, a unconnected country from the world at now for its standing against terrorism to protect his boundary from the various of terrorist groups that led by the western support and these are direct threat for Turkey’s internal security. Especially in Northern-Syria (Aleppo and near side), Iraq (Mosul) and its South-eastern Kurdistan area of Turkey, the halting place of PKK. The group PKK who are took up arms against the Turkish state in 1984, fighting for Kurdish autonomy and Considered a terrorist organisation by the US, EU and the Turkeywhich is want toits independence from Turkey and also connecting its border as they claimed including in area of Iran and the Iraq.We can see this autunomy issue from the first world warwhen Turkey divided from its Ottoman empire era.The Turkish government fights against the terror (PKK) in its internal and external area as the connect with Turkey’s border. Kurdish militants, mainly linked to the Kurdistan Workers’ Party (PKK), are currently engaged in an insurgency against Turkish authorities. Since July 2015 and the breakdown of peace talks, PKK militants and other Kurdish separatist groups have been carrying out multiple attacks against security forces and administrative personnel and facilities. The majority of this violence occurs in Kurdish-majority southern and southeastern provinces. However, in August 2015, PKK militants bombed a police station in Istanbul highlighting the threat posed by Kurdish separatist attacks to the country’s main cities. The PKK links inside and outside the country like that TAK(terrorist group of PKK’s suicide team) and as Syrian offshoot the Democratic Union Party’s (PYD) armed wing the People’s Protection Units (YPG). The United States support to by the supplying weapon to the YPG in Syria to protect and to help them in syria from the ISIS but Turkey count in his eyes YPG/PYD as a terrorist group likes the PKK. Also Turkey help the FSA (Free Syrian Army)backed by the Turkish military in Syria to pick up and keep up peace in this area from ISIS hand but the western does not believe the FSA fully. The western claim if the FSA want to supply peace, they can participate in the operation with the PYD in together. But Turkey not in same point with the Western in this topics. I think, some positve side we will see and positive-negetive equation can be changed from the Donald Trumps new era. The telephone call to Trump from Erdo?an was the positive and Trump criticised the Obama for the Fetüllah Gülen who lives in Pensilvanya by the sheltering of America. He leads his FETÖ Movement from the Pensilvanya and we know the military coup attempts in Turkey on July 2016 by its effect.
The PKK, which has killed thousands of innocent people in Turkey, maintains a wide elbow room in the EU countries. Ankara has repeatedly voiced its concerns over European countries supporting the PKK, both politically and financially. Some of bomb blasting incidents we see from last two years in Turkey by the PKK group. In the last 18 months, these terrorist organizations attacked political rallies, shuttles for ordinary employees, bus stops and police stations in order to instill fear in the Turkish society. As a NATO member state, Turkey was targeted more than 20 times in quick succession. Together with the rest of international community, the biggest security alliance of the international system also failed to help to protect one of its member states from these attacks. At now, the EU supplying his economic support to the PKK as the some media claimed. But the outlawed PKK, which was listed as a terror organization in 2002 by the EU Commission, started organizational activities in EU countries back in 1999, thanks to some political assistance provided by it member states. Here, A list of bomb attacks in Turkey during 2016 by thePKK and its wings only-
Of course in part, these attacks are clearly intended to stop Turkish efforts to fight against terrorism. While the PKK’s offshoot the People’s Protection Units (YPG) and Daesh were fighting in northern Syria, both organizations almost competed to organize more deadly attacks than the other on Turkish territory and have used everything at their disposal. They have used men, women and children in their suicide attacks. They set aside their mutual animosity in order to unite against the biggest challenger to their violent goals and deadly tactics.
EU authorities recognize the PKK’s terror foundations within European borders as official non-governmental organizations and the deadly terror group opens and operates its associations in Europe by deceitfully naming these are- “Democratic Center”, “Kurdish People Centers” or “Community Centers”. However, these places are often used by the PKK to spread terror propaganda.
All these foundations linked to the PKK belong to an umbrella of associations led by Yüksel Koç and ?emse Güllü called The European Kurdish Democratic Societies Congress (KCD-E), based in Belgium’s Charleoi. Meanwhile, the PKK’s propaganda in Europe is conducted by The Kurdistan National Congress (KNK), which holds meetings every year in Belgium capital Brussels. At its 16th annual meeting held in Sept. 2, 2016, the KNK called for a fight against the Turkish state. The congress are led by PKK militants, including Nilüfer Koç, Rebuvar Te?id and Adem Uzun. The PKK has also intensified its attacks against Turks in European countries, following the detention of its political wing, Peoples’ Democratic Party (HDP) deputies, due to their open support to the terror group and its members. The terror group is also being allowed to protest against the Turkish state in many European cities, declaring war on the government and demanding the release of their imprisoned leader, Abdullah Öcalan. President Erdo?an recently revealed weapons confiscated from the PKK in fresh anti-terror operations were mainly Western-made, including heavy weaponry.The PKK terror organization gains 30 million euros income per year by collecting fees from its foundations in European countries despite the group being listed as a terrorist organization by the EU, according to Turkish intelligence sources. (See also the Turkish Daily Sabah:11.12.2016)
After every attack on the people of Turkey, weak condemnations were the only reactions seen from the international community. Although in each and every platform the world voiced that terrorism is a global threat, the international community failed to demonstrate effective solidarity with the Turkish people when that global threat targeted Turkish cities and Turkish citizens.
The Gülenist Terror Group (FETÖ) also took the oath to topple the country’s president and prepare conditions for the invasion of Turkey by foreign actors.
Sunni extremist militants supporting the IS ideology and loosely linked to groups operating in Syria and Iraq pose and increasing threat to Turkey. In August 2015, IS officials called for attacks in Turkey following Ankara’s decision to carry out airstrikes against the terrorist organisation.
The threat posed by IS to Turkey is a two-level one. On the one hand, Sunni extremist militants actively plan to conduct mass-casualties bombings in Turkish key population centres, as exemplified by the Istanbul and Ankara attacks. These terrorist attacks follow the international IS strategy of hitting soft civilian targets. On the other hand, IS militants have the goal of protecting their strategic supply routes in southern Turkey and weakening rival organisations. As such, radical Islamist militants periodically engage in low-level shoot-outs, terrorist bombings as well as assassinations in Turkish provinces bordering the Syrian regions of Idlib, Aleppo and Kobane.
The Revolutionary People’s Liberation Party-Front (DHKP-C), the Marxist-Leninist Communist Party (MLKP) and various terrorist networks are in collaboration not only with other terrorist groups, but they are also being protected by Western countries.
By its terrorism activities in Turkey again to renovate complex situation against turkish peace politics after the PKK. That has been designated a terrorist organization by Turkey, the United States, and the European Union, the DHKP-C has been responsible for assassinations and suicide bombings in Turkey since its founding in 1978. The DHKP-C took credit for a suicide bombing outside a Turkish police station in Istanbul in January 2015, however DNA testing revealed that the bomber was a Chechen-Russian woman unaffiliated with the DHKP-C.To a lesser extent, far-left militants also represent an ongoing terrorist threat in Turkey. The Revolutionary People’s Liberation Party-Front (DHKP/C), an anti-government, anti-Islamist and anti-Western organisation, carried out multiple attacks in Istanbul and Ankara. In January 2015, the group claimed responsibility for a suicide bombing in the Sultanahmet area of Istanbul that killed two. Gunmen of the DHKP/C also opened fire on the US embassy in Istanbul in August 2015.
The DHKP-C, which is more focused on domestic Turkish policy than the conflict in Syria, originally claimed that it had carried out the attack to punish the murderers of Berkin Elvan, a 15-year-old boy who was shot in the head with a tear gas canister during the 2013 Gezi Park protests and died in 2014 after a nearly year-long coma. The last major action taken by the DHKP-C was in March 2015, when they took a Turkish prosecutor hostage, demanding that police release the names of the officers involved in Elvan’s death.See about MLKP and DHKP.
Totally the recent attacks in Turkey underscore that the country faces a complex terrorist threat. Especially three specific groups not only PKK but also have the will and capabilities to conduct terrorist acts in the country and their aimes.Therefore, by this execution, Turkish public’s support for a possible operation, the Istanbul-based A&G research company president, Adil Gür, said that at least 80 percent of the public supports the Turkish state’s counterterrorism efforts.Gür contended that the public backing for counterterror operations is at the highest level since the foundation of the Republic of Turkey in 1923. Also day by day Turkey also taked in control the more city in their hand from the PYD only protection of its boundary and the operation will be continue.What the state say-“Our people expect us to defeat and eliminate this terrorist organisation, which has attacked our nation for 40 years,” and vows the militant group will be “wiped from this geography. We want everyone to know that they will not get anywhere by hiding behind political parties, behind politicians, behind those media outlets protecting them.
Abdur Rahman Fuad is Master’s student at Necmettin Erbakan University, Turkey.